What Is Dyslexia and Ways to Deal with It?

17 Oct What Is Dyslexia and Ways to Deal with It?

Dyslexia is not a disease to shy away, but a responsibility to hold on.

Defining Dyslexia

It is a condition where a person faces difficulty in distinguishing letters, writing, spelling and even speaking. It does not imply that the person is abnormal. It is a misconception of an elephantine size when people start mixing up these wrong ideas on hearing about dyslexic people. A dyslexic person is completely normal like any other person.

  • Dyslexia is nothing but difficulty in learning.
  • There is no fixed age group. The symptoms may be noticed in a 3 years old child to an elderly person whose age may be over 65 years.
  • It is a problem of verbal and written expression and not of any visual kind.
  • It cannot be associated with laziness and or low intelligent quotient.
  • Most of the dyslexic people reveal amazing creativity which can leave anybody
  • A dyslexic person not only faces trouble regarding learning but may also experience delayed speech or begin talking late.
  • A dyslexic comprehends letters the way it is written but faces a great deal of difficulty in jotting the same letters down. For example, a child seeing the letter ‘b’ will write as ‘b’ but a dyslexic child sees the same letter the way it is and writes it as ‘d’. This because the child cannot differentiate the two different letters. ‘b’ and ‘d’ being a mirror image gives rise to this confusion.

Symptoms of Dyslexia

  1. Difficulty in Learning: At an initial growth stage, a child has trouble unravelling letters and words. It is not that the child is incompetent or does not have any normal intelligence, but because the words and letters inside his or her mind are all jumbled up.
  2. Late Beginner: In comparison to other children, a dyslexic is a late beginner in his or her life. Walking, talking, crawling, riding bicycles and catching throwing objects also takes a backstage in the initial growing period. It is not that these activities do not develop. It simply takes a longer time to come to light.
  3. Speech: For a person suffering from dyslexia, pronouncing words and reciting poems are like a herculean task for him or her. The inability to distinguish between words and the inability to understand the flow of rhyming words frightens the child to the point of slurred speech.
  4. Complexity towards data: A child may have difficulty remembering names of days and months, colours and numbers. A child may also face complication in solving simple mathematical problems.
  5. Coordination: The ability to establish coordination between mind and body becomes a puzzling job for a child, resulting in clumsiness.
  6. Direction confusion: A child even finds complexity in distinguishing from left to right. This leads to their chances of getting lost.
  7. Problems regarding phonology: Phonology explains the way how sounds function in a language. A word with two or more syllables becomes a complication for a child to understand. A word like “understanding” will reach to the ears but his or her brain will remember only the “un” and “ing” part. The word in between will not process inside the mind.
  8. Attention span:A dyslexic person also suffers from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder which is commonly known as ADHD. In this the attention span of a dyslexic child is very low in comparison to other children. They mentally exhaust themselves very soon.
  9. Health problems:A dyslexic person suffers from asthma, hay fever, eczema and various other disease as their immunity power is very less.
  10. Out of the box ideas: a person with dyslexia may express certain ideas which may be very absurd to other.

Dyslexia comes under learning disabilities and is a concerning factor whose information can be seen in a guide to various learning disabilities and their cure.

Dealing with Dyslexia

There is no cure for dyslexia as it is not a disease. But there are numerous ways to deal with it. Few suggestions to achieve it are shared below.

  1. The first and foremost step is to assure a dyslexic person that it is ok to make mistakes. Attitude is what matters the most. When the person feels the support from within, it acts as a confidence booster which generally lacks in a dyslexic person.
  2. A quick recognition of dyslexia leads to quick course of action. This leads to an achievement which goes for a longer term.
  3. Do not treat the person as an invalid. The person may face difficulty in expression but he or she is not an imbecile. One has to be patient with a dyslexic person. If the dyslexic is a child, teachers as well as neighbours should go an extra mile to adjust and understand where the child is feeling confused.
  4. Reading out aloud can be of a great help to a dyslexic person. The information which eyes cannot transmit to the brain can be conveyed by voice.
  5. Providing audio books and favourite reading materials can be an excellent option. This will motivate them to read more and connect with the words they read or hear.
  6. Responsibilities doesn’t end just by providing audio books or motivating a dyslexic person. Keeping a keen eye on their improvement or deterioration, any trigger pattern to hyperventilation or anything of that nature should be noted at regular interval.
  7. Outcome of any work is very essential. But dealing with dyslexic people is another story. A dyslexic person will always try to give his or her 100%. It may not be up to normal standards, but it is the effort what counts. Appreciation, giving frequent hugs and rewarding on completing any work builds their confidence level.
  8. If it is a case of severe speech deterioration, it is advisable to take the help of doctors and counsellors who have expertise in this field.

Some professional help websites gives a helpful insight related to dyslexia and its cures.

Test to cover the following areas:

  • Family history check for any previous reference
  • Checking Intelligence Oral language skills
  • Recognising word using letters and sounds
  • Fluency checks – reading and recitation

A dyslexic person doesn’t need any pity but an understanding surrounding. Dyslexia should be treated as a small obstacle in the road to achievement by everyone because like every other person, a dyslexic person can soar up to achieve anything he or she wants.