When it comes to pursuing higher education then engineering is the number one choice of innumerable students across the globe.
Engineering basically means applying the knowledge by using scientific principles.
There are lots and lots of things covered under engineering like mathematics, physics, chemistry, empirical evidences, analysis of machines and materials, integration of devices and systems, simplifying the processes and mechanisms, designing structures and focusing on innovation, and various other things.
Talking about the branches of engineering then there are multiple disciplines in this domain. Here you will get a genuine idea that what is the exact scope of engineering education. So, if you are planning to pursue engineering then you are undoubtedly at the right place. In the coming paragraphs you will get all the relevant information that you are looking for.
Here is an idea that what all engineering branches are there
Mechanical engineering is an academic branch where you will learn that how different kinds of machines are designed, constructed and operated. It utilizes the principles of mathematics, physics and material science. If you love analyzing, designing and maintaining mechanical systems then it is the right academic stream for you. It is one of the broadest as well as oldest disciplines of engineering.
Mechanical engineering is a highly innovative stream and there are lots of exciting things to learn. There are many sub branches as well in mechanical engineering.
Computer engineering is a branch that incorporates different aspects of computer science. Thus be it the knowledge about computer hardware or software, you will get to learn all the aspects of computer science in this stream. There are lots of things to learn in this branch like software designs, programming, coding, working of microprocessors, microcontrollers, working on data security, sensors, robotics etc.
The scope of computer engineering is really wide and there are many specialty areas like cryptography, information protection, wireless networks, operating systems, computational science, quantum computing, parallel processing, mobile computing etc. Thus, students are free to choose the specific branch of specialization and they can make their career in any field of their choice.
Electrical engineering deals with the aspects of electromagnetism, electronics and electricity in detail. It is a professional branch of engineering and highly important in the 21st century. There are lots of subfields in electrical engineering like power, control, electronics, nano electronics, micro electronics, telecommunications, computers, instrumentation, signal processing etc.
Electrical engineers get the opportunity to work in various kinds of industries and the skills required by each industry may vary. There is immense scope in this field.
Many students think that electronics engineering and electrical engineering is the same thing. The reality is that there are differences between the two streams. Electronics engineering is basically a sub branch of electrical engineering. In this field you will get to study about electromagnetic spectrum, electronic devices, designs and applications of circuits, various equipments for power generation as well as distribution, electronic communications, machine control and various other aspects.
Thus electrical engineering and electronics engineering are related to each other but electrical engineering is wider in coverage because it already covers electronic engineering.
In civil engineering you will get a chance to learn that how different infrastructures are designed, maintained and constructed. Civil engineers construct and maintain a variety of infrastructures like roads, dams, canals, buildings, shopping complexes, airports, railway lines, pipelines, sewerage systems, bridges and many more things.
Civil engineering is a really important engineering branch and in the current times there is massive demand for civil engineers. There are lots of sub disciplines in civil engineering like coastal engineering, water resource engineering, forensic engineering, construction engineering, earthquake engineering, geotechnical engineering, surveying, material science engineering etc.
Chemical engineering is a branch that utilizes the principles of mathematics, chemistry, biology, economics and physics. The main ideology of this branch is to utilize, produce, and lead to the transformation as well as transportation of energy, materials and various types of chemicals.
Chemical engineers possess advance level knowledge and they can design really large scale processes for conversion of raw materials, energy, chemicals, living cells etc. With the help of chemical engineering a lot of things can be transformed and thereby it leads to the development of new products and processes.
Marine engineers deal with the aspects related to sea. Thus, when it comes to designing, building or repairing ships, boats, submarines, underwater crafts or any other equipment then marine engineers are the ones that handle such processes.
Marine engineers also know that how drilling equipments are to be used at the sea level. Marine engineering is a very specialized degree and there may be limited colleges offering this course. So, if you want to be a marine engineer then make sure to get a full idea about this academic stream beforehand.
In the present times environmental engineering is becoming very popular. Its fundamental are based on the principles of civil engineering and the principles of project management. Thus, when it comes to dealing with environmental issues, social problems, economic problems etc. then environmental engineering has a big role to play.
Robotics engineering is also called as mechatronic engineering. Here you will get an idea that how robots are designed, constructed and operated. You will also get knowledge about information processing and the multiple aspects of computer science.
Currently there is a lot of scope for robotics engineering. Industries are spending tons of money for utilizing the technology related to robotics.
Biomedical engineering is a very interesting field and in this stream the engineering designs as well as principles are used in relation with medicinal concepts and healthcare processes. This is one such branch that closes the gap between the fields of medicine and engineering.
There are lots of dimensions related to biomedical engineering and some of the examples are like bioinformatics, biomechanics, biomaterial, biomedical optics, tissue engineering, genetic engineering, neural engineering etc.
The other types of engineering branches
In the above mentioned paragraphs there is a general discussion that what all major engineering branches are there. As far as engineering education is concerned then there are lots of other branches as well. Some of the examples are like aerospace engineering, biomechanical engineering, automotive engineering, structural engineering, architectural engineering, material science engineering, agricultural engineering, petroleum engineering, geological engineering, nuclear engineering etc.
Thus, there are innumerable disciplines in the field of engineering and there is a persistent demand for different kinds of engineers by different industries.
How to choose the best engineering discipline?
One of the major confusions faced by a lot of students is that they are unable to decide that which engineering branch should be chosen. If this is the same case with you then here you will get some valuable piece of advice. Don’t choose an engineering branch because your friends are opting for it or the crowd is favoring it. Always see that where your interest lies.
Suppose if you love working with machines then mechanical engineering is the right branch for you. For computer lovers the best field is computer science engineering. If you want a mix of biology and engineering then you can opt for biomedical or biomechanical engineering. Thus, you should clearly identify your areas of interest before choosing any specific branch of engineering.
Many students choose the academic discipline based on the income prospects. It is not a wise way to make a justified selection. As far as the financial aspect is concerned then there is a lot of earning potential in almost all branches of engineering. Thus, never focus that which branch will yield the most money but instead think that in which field you will be able to deliver your best.
You should gather information about different branches of engineering; see their academic structure, the subjects that you will get to study, the scope, the applicability and the things that you will get to learn. Research will help you to unveil the multiple aspects of different branches of engineering. Once the research process is over then you should introspect that which field suits your areas of interest and based on that you should choose the most viable option.
Why there is a craze for pursuing engineering education all across the globe?
The reason why students prefer engineering branches is that there is immense scope in these fields. There are lots of things to learn and the chances of growth are very high. Be it the civil engineers, mechanical engineers, chemical engineers, computer engineers, electronic engineers or other engineers, there is a lot of demand for skilled people in the industrial segment.
Talking about the pay scale of engineering branches then one thing can be said with absolute surety that there is a lot of earning potential. In the beginning phase the pay scale may be nominal but with experience the designation as well as pay package can get really impressive. The designations in the field of engineering are like trainee engineer, junior engineer, chief engineer, project manager, project head etc.
Although the earning potential is very massive in the field of engineering but the thing to note is that all engineers will not earn the same amount of money. There are various reasons behind distinction in pay scale and some of the examples are like the caliber of an individual, the knowledge possessed by the person, practical experience, academic grades, the kind of institution from where the engineering degree has been pursued etc.
If you are determined to become an engineer then follow your passion with utmost faith. Take the academic curriculum seriously and focus on learning as well as practical implementation of concepts. There is always a demand for skilled engineers. So, always try to have exceptional knowledge about your field of study.
The problems that you may encounter while pursuing engineering course
Engineering disciplines are not that easy. You will have to put in a lot of efforts for qualifying the degree. Here are some problems that you may encounter while pursuing engineering course –
- Most of the engineering colleges conduct entrance exams for granting admission. These exams can be really tough and sometimes even the bright students are unable to qualify the entrance tests.
- Once the students clear the entrance examination then the next step is to deal with academic curriculum. There are lots of subjects in engineering and the concepts and topics are highly complicated. Sometimes the subjects can appear really confusing and in such a scenario you may think about opting for professional help.
- Engineering students have to deal with regular flow of assignments and homework. It can be very annoying at times to deal with academic pressure. Stringent deadlines for submitting the academic tasks can make the situation worse.
- A lot of students fear engineering examination. You can’t expect that your professors will give straight questions from text books and reference books. Thus, if you want to pass the exam with flying colors then you need to put in a lot of efforts.
- Engineering projects carry a lot of marks and sometimes the teacher may allot a very complicated project. If you lack practical skills then you may be unable to complete your project with perfection.
These are some of the common problems that you may face while pursuing engineering degree. But if you are determined and hard working then you can beat all the obstacles.
How you can pass your engineering degree with exceptional grades?
If you want to pass your engineering degree with exceptional grades then you should study on a regular basis. Try to understand the concepts and topics in an in depth manner. This kind of approach will help in enhancing your problem solving abilities. Pay attention to the lectures and ask your professors for guidance.
At times you may feel stuck with the complex subjects and in such a case you can think about availing online help. The online experts hold engineering degrees from reputed colleges and they would be able to help you in a professional manner.
Bina Ramamurthy is a notable professional in the field of mechanical engineering. She holds immense knowledge about the scope of different branches of engineering and she is always ready to guide the students with her exceptional knowledge. A brilliant online tutors in 24×7 assignment help. She has written several blogs on engineering education. When it comes to providing academic solutions to the students, he leaves no stone unturned.